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Colorado Quick Facts

This page contains a handful of Colorado Quick facts.  Did you know that Colorado has the highest mean elevation of any state, with more than 1,000 Rocky Mountain peaks over 10,000 feet high and 54 towering above 14,000 feet? Pikes Peak, the most famous of these mountains, was discovered by U.S. Army lieutenant Zebulon M. Pike in 1806.

Colorado is a prime tourist destination, in part, because of its breathtaking scenery and unbeatable skiing. Some of the main tourist attractions in the state include Rocky Mountain National Park, Mesa Verde National Park, Great Sand Dunes National Park, Dinosaur National Monument, Colorado National Monument, and the Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Monument.

Colorado Quick Facts:

  • Admission to Statehood: August 1, 1876 (38th State)
  • Capital City: Denver
  • Population (2013): 5,268,367 (22nd)


  • Highest Point: Mt. Elbert (14,433 feet)
  • Lowest Point: Arikaree River at Kansas border (3,317 feet)
  • Number of 14ers (Peaks over 14,000 feet): 53 peaks
  • Area: 104,100 sq. mi (8th)
  • Land: 103,730 sq. mi. (8th)
  • Water: 371 sq. mi. (46th)
  • Border States: Arizona, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah, Wyoming
  • County Profile: 64 Counties
Colorado Quick Facts
Colorado Quick Facts – The Rocky Mountain Columbine is the State Flower

Symbols & More:

  • Animal: Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep
  • Bird: Lark Bunting
  • Flower: Rocky Mountain Columbine
  • Tree: Colorado Blue Spruce
  • Fossil: Stegosaurus
  • Other Symbols: Colorado State Symbols
  • Origin of State Name: The name is taken from the Spanish for the color red, referring to the banks of the Colorado river.
  • Song: “Where the Columbines Grow” by A.J. Flynn

About the Colorado Flag

The flag consists of three alternate stripes of equal width, the two outer stripes are blue, in the same color of the U.S. national flag. The blue is meant to represent Colorado’s stunning blue skies. The middle stripe is white, representing the snowcapped Colorado Rockies.

At a distance from the staff end of the flag of one fifth of the total length of the flag there is a circular red “C.” It is the same color as the red in the national flag of the United States. The red represents the ruddy colored earth found throughout Colorado. The diameter of the letter is two-thirds the width of the flag.

Completely filling the open space inside the letter “C” is a golden disk. The gold represents the hundreds of days of sunshine enjoyed by the state year-round.

Attached to the flag is a cord of gold and silver, intertwined, with tassels, one of gold and one of silver.

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